Episode 140: Three Pseudosciences

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Gem, Lauren, Laura, and Ashlyn dive into three unscientific practices: flower remedies, feng shui, and iridology.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Flower Remedies: The Original Bach Flower Remedies Information and Sale (Directly from Nature) | Rescue Remedy is an effective all-natural stress, anxiety reliever, study suggests (Medical News Today) | Bach flower remedies: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials (Swiss Medical Weekly) | Bach Flower Remedies (Science-Based Medicine)

Feng Shui: Types of Feng Shui (The Feng Shui Society) | Feng shui (RationalWiki) | Feng shui (Wikipedia) | Yin and yang (Wikipedia) | Qi (Wikipedia) | Bagua (Wikipedia) | Chi, or Universal Energy in Feng Shui (The Spruce) | Understanding the Feng Shui Bagua (The Spruce) | Open Up Blocking Walls with Feng Shui (The Spruce) | Episode 124: Ancient Discoveries (LUEE)

Iridology: Iridology (Wikipedia) | Iridology
Not Useful and Potentially Harmful (JAMA Ophthalmology)
| An Evaluation of Iridology (JAMA) | Looking for gall bladder disease in the patient’s iris (BMJ) | An investigation of the relationship between anatomical features in the iris and systemic disease, with reference to iridology (Complementary Therapies in Medicine) | Does Iris Change Over Time? (PLoS One)

Other Pseudosciences: Flat Earth: A Measured Response (Hbomberguy) | Episode 96: The Moon Landing Conspiracy (LUEE) | Episode 100: Silly Pseudoscience Special! (LUEE) | Episode 106: Parapsychology (LUEE) | Episode 108: Cryptozoology & Mythical Creatures (LUEE)

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Episode 136: Patent Medicine

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Gem, Laura, Ashlyn, and Lauren discuss the history and future of patent medicine, from snake oil and Piso’s Cure for Consumption through Bovinine and bitters all the way to the Burzynski Clinic.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Note: Additional music in this episode by Kevin MacLeod, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0.

Patent Medicine: Patent medicine (Wikipedia) | Snake oil (Wikipedia)

Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound: Advertising Motherhood with the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company (Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study) | Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound (The Embryo Project Encyclopedia) | Lydia Pinkham (Wikipedia)

Piso’s Consumption Cure: The Great American Fraud, by Samuel Hopkins Adams (Wikisource) | Piso’s Trio: One Step Ahead of the Law (Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors)

Micajah’s Medicated Wafers: Micajah’s Medicated Wafers (Museum of Menstruation and Women’s Health) | The Fundamental Antagonism: Veritism and Commerce in Medical Practice (Bennett Holman)

Bovinine: Bovinine (National Museum of American History) | Bovinine Beef Food Tonic (National Museum of American History) | The Bovinine Co. blotter (National Museum of American History) | 15 Curious Quack Remedies From the Age of Patent Medicine (Mental Floss) | Bovinine, by the Bovinine Company (Google Books) | Bovinine Bottle | New Haven Morning Journal and Courier (1895-06-19) | Hand Book of Haematherapy with Clinical Reports, 1902, by the Bovinine Company | The Medical Times and Register (Google Books) | The Popular Science News and Boston Journal of Chemistry (Google Books) | Hemotherapy (Wikipedia) | Misbranding of Bovinina. U.S. v. Bovinine Co. (National Library of Medicine)

Soda Pop & Bitters: Angostura bitters (Wikipedia) | ‘Pop’ Culture: Patent Medicines Become Soda Drinks (CSI) | A Brief History of Bitters (Smithsonian)

Right to Try and the Burzynski Clinic: Right-to-try law (Wikipedia) | “Right to try” laws and Dallas Buyers’ Club: Great movie, terrible for patients and terrible policy (Science-Based Medicine) | The cruel sham that is right-to-try raises its ugly head at the federal level again (Science-Based Medicine) | Burzynski Clinic (Wikipedia)

Ian James and the Combo Breakers: The Broken Among Us by Ian James and the Combo Breakers (SoundCloud) | The Broken Among Us by Ian James and the Combo Breakers (BandCamp)

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Episode 135: Personality Testing

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Ashlyn, Gem, Laura, and Lauren put their personalities to the test, explore the history of the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator, and try to determine whether any of these personality tests are actually science-based.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

MBTI: The Myers–Briggs Foundation | The Myers-Briggs Personality Test Is Bullshit (VICE) | Have we all been duped by the Myers-Briggs test? (Fortune) | Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (Wikipedia)

DISC: DISC assessment (Wikipedia) | William Moulton Marston (Wikipedia) | Elizabeth Holloway Marston (Wikipedia) | Olive Byrne (Wikipedia) | DISC Personality Testing

True Colors: Research Validity and Reliability (True Colors International) | Four temperaments (Wikipedia) | Personality type (Wikipedia) | Keirsey Temperament Sorter (Wikipedia) | History and Origin of Personality Temperament Theory (True Colors International)

Big Five (OCEAN): No frills analysis: “The Big Five” personality test (wbir.com) | Most Personality Quizzes Are Junk Science. I Found One That Isn’t. (FiveThirtyEight) | Big Five personality traits (Wikipedia)

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Episode 134: Replication Crisis!

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Gem is joined by Ashlyn, Laura, and Lauren to discuss the unfolding replication crisis in science, with a focus on several high profile psychological studies whose results have been called into question.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Replication crisis (Wikipedia) | Reproducibility Project (Wikipedia) | Replications in Psychology Research: How Often Do They Really Occur? (Matthew C. Makel) | How Many Scientists Fabricate and Falsify Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Survey (PLOS One) | Diederik Stapel now has 58 retractions (Retraction Watch) | The Marshmallow Test: What Does It Really Measure? (The Atlantic) | Predicting Adolescent Cognitive and Self-Regulatory Competencies from Preschool Delay of Gratification: Identifying Diagnostic Conditions (Shoda et al.) | Revisiting the Marshmallow Test: A Conceptual Replication Investigating Links Between Early Delay of | You’re not going to believe what I’m about to tell you (The Oatmeal) | Facts matter after all: rejecting the “backfire effect” (Oxford Education Blog) | Everyone is sharing this comic about the “backfire effect” … but there’s a huge catch (Mashable) | Confirmation bias (Wikipedia) | We’ve been told we’re living in a post-truth age. Don’t believe it. (Slate) | Has the Backfire Effect of Debunkings Been Debunked? (Daily Kos) | Famous Milgram ‘electric shocks’ experiment drew wrong conclusions about evil, say psychologists (The Independent) | Rethinking One of Psychology’s Most Infamous Experiments (The Atlantic) | The Shocking Truth of the Notorious Milgram Obedience Experiments (The Crux) | How many people really went through with the Milgram Experiment? (IO9) | Milgram experiment (Wikipedia) | Inflicted insight (Wikipedia) | Electric Schlock: Did Stanley Milgram’s Famous Obedience Experiments Prove Anything? (Pacific Standard) | Would You Do as a Robot Commands? An Obedience Study for Human-Robot Interaction (Cormier et al.) | Stanford prison experiment (Wikipedia) | The Stanford Prison Experiment was massively influential. We just learned it was a fraud. (Vox) | The Lifespan of a Lie (Trust Issues) | Why the Stanford Prison Experiment is a Lie (Rebecca Watson) | Episode 94: Free Will (LUEE) | Episode 106: Parapsychology (LUEE) | Retraction Watch

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Episode 133: Notorious Hucksters

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Lauren explores the great hucksters of history with Laura and Ashlyn—and Gem’s back!

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Radionics (Wikipedia) | Albert Abrams (Wikipedia) | The Untold Story of Napoleon Hill (Gizmodo) | Napoleon Hill (Wikipedia) | The Napoleon Hill Foundation | 17 Napoleon Hill Quotes on Becoming Crazy Rich | New Thought (Wikipedia) | Madame Rachel (Victorian History) | Victorian con artist Madame Rachel: Fortune from fake beauty products (Express) | Beautiful Forever: The Life of Madame Rachel (Scandalous Women) | The extraordinary life & trial of Madame Rachel (Archive.org) | Beauty and the whiter-than-white blackmail (Daily Mail Online) | The Great Victorian Beauty Con (Providentia) | P. T. Barnum (Wikipedia) | The Greatest Showman (Wikipedia)

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Episode 132: Life Hacks

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Ashlyn, Laura, and Lauren discuss and evaluate dubious “life hacks” they found online.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: 9 Crazy Body Hacks That Give You Superhuman Powers (Popular Science) | Jendrassik maneuver (Wikipedia) | A Solar Panel Implanted Inside Your Body? (WSJ) | Jendrassik maneuver (r/askscience) | 20 Awesome Life Hacks That Will Simplify Your Life (Bright Side) | 50 Life Hacks to Simplify your World (TwistedSifter) | 50 Incredibly Useful Life Hacks Updated for 2018 (CYA) | The 101 Best Genius Life Hacks That Make Life Easier (Medium)

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Episode 131: “Mermaids: The Body Found”

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Ashlyn subjects Lauren, Laura, and Dave to “Mermaids: The Body Found”, a fake documentary that aired on Animal Plant and Discovery Channel in 2012, which combines discredited pseudoscience with stuff that the producers just made up.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Mermaids: The Body Found (Wikipedia) | Mermaids: The Body Found (Snopes) | Aquatic ape hypothesis (Wikipedia) | Bloop (Wikipedia) | Cave of Swimmers (Wikipedia)

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