Episode 134: Replication Crisis!

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Gem is joined by Ashlyn, Laura, and Lauren to discuss the unfolding replication crisis in science, with a focus on several high profile psychological studies whose results have been called into question.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Replication crisis (Wikipedia) | Reproducibility Project (Wikipedia) | Replications in Psychology Research: How Often Do They Really Occur? (Matthew C. Makel) | How Many Scientists Fabricate and Falsify Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Survey (PLOS One) | Diederik Stapel now has 58 retractions (Retraction Watch) | The Marshmallow Test: What Does It Really Measure? (The Atlantic) | Predicting Adolescent Cognitive and Self-Regulatory Competencies from Preschool Delay of Gratification: Identifying Diagnostic Conditions (Shoda et al.) | Revisiting the Marshmallow Test: A Conceptual Replication Investigating Links Between Early Delay of | You’re not going to believe what I’m about to tell you (The Oatmeal) | Facts matter after all: rejecting the “backfire effect” (Oxford Education Blog) | Everyone is sharing this comic about the “backfire effect” … but there’s a huge catch (Mashable) | Confirmation bias (Wikipedia) | We’ve been told we’re living in a post-truth age. Don’t believe it. (Slate) | Has the Backfire Effect of Debunkings Been Debunked? (Daily Kos) | Famous Milgram ‘electric shocks’ experiment drew wrong conclusions about evil, say psychologists (The Independent) | Rethinking One of Psychology’s Most Infamous Experiments (The Atlantic) | The Shocking Truth of the Notorious Milgram Obedience Experiments (The Crux) | How many people really went through with the Milgram Experiment? (IO9) | Milgram experiment (Wikipedia) | Inflicted insight (Wikipedia) | Electric Schlock: Did Stanley Milgram’s Famous Obedience Experiments Prove Anything? (Pacific Standard) | Would You Do as a Robot Commands? An Obedience Study for Human-Robot Interaction (Cormier et al.) | Stanford prison experiment (Wikipedia) | The Stanford Prison Experiment was massively influential. We just learned it was a fraud. (Vox) | The Lifespan of a Lie (Trust Issues) | Why the Stanford Prison Experiment is a Lie (Rebecca Watson) | Episode 94: Free Will (LUEE) | Episode 106: Parapsychology (LUEE) | Retraction Watch

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Episode 133: Notorious Hucksters

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Lauren explores the great hucksters of history with Laura and Ashlyn—and Gem’s back!

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Radionics (Wikipedia) | Albert Abrams (Wikipedia) | The Untold Story of Napoleon Hill (Gizmodo) | Napoleon Hill (Wikipedia) | The Napoleon Hill Foundation | 17 Napoleon Hill Quotes on Becoming Crazy Rich | New Thought (Wikipedia) | Madame Rachel (Victorian History) | Victorian con artist Madame Rachel: Fortune from fake beauty products (Express) | Beautiful Forever: The Life of Madame Rachel (Scandalous Women) | The extraordinary life & trial of Madame Rachel (Archive.org) | Beauty and the whiter-than-white blackmail (Daily Mail Online) | The Great Victorian Beauty Con (Providentia) | P. T. Barnum (Wikipedia) | The Greatest Showman (Wikipedia)

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Episode 131: “Mermaids: The Body Found”

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Ashlyn subjects Lauren, Laura, and Dave to “Mermaids: The Body Found”, a fake documentary that aired on Animal Plant and Discovery Channel in 2012, which combines discredited pseudoscience with stuff that the producers just made up.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Mermaids: The Body Found (Wikipedia) | Mermaids: The Body Found (Snopes) | Aquatic ape hypothesis (Wikipedia) | Bloop (Wikipedia) | Cave of Swimmers (Wikipedia)

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Episode 130: Nutritional Devices

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Laura, Ashlyn, and Lauren discuss three unusual nutritional devices: the Nima gluten sensor, the Vitastiq electroacupuncture vitamin sensor, and the SCiO pocket molecular scanner.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Links: Gluten Levels in Food: The 20 ppm Debate (Nima) | One Decision: A Limit of Gluten Detection (Nima) | Detecting Gluten in Food: The differences between Lateral Flow and ELISA tests (Adventures of a Gluten Free Mom) | Nima Chemistry vs. R-Biopharm (Nima) | The Nima Sensor: A Portable Gluten Testing Device (BeyondCeliac.org) | SCiO Pocket Molecular Scanner (Amazon Customer Reviews) | SCiO (Facebook) | Consumer Physics, Maker of Controversial SCiO Food Sensor, Pursues A ‘SCiO-Inside’ Strategy (The Spoon) | SCiO (Consumer Physics) | SCiO Spectrometer Review (Google Scholar) | Electroacupuncture (Wikipedia) | Vitastiq (Your Daily Vitamin Tracker) | Vitastiq 2 (Indiegogo) | Electroacupuncture: The bait and switch of alternative medicine (Respectful Insolence) | Quantified Health: Can Vitastiq measure body vitamin levels using a skin sensor? | Vitamin & Mineral Status Device (Amazon Customer Reviews)

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Episode 125: Revenge of the Quiz Show Show!

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, recorded live at SkeptiCamp, Ashlyn, Lauren, Laura, and Gem test their knowledge (and that of the audience) in a variety of scientific and pseudoscientific domains.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Colour Quiz (Ashlyn): Impossible color (Wikipedia) | Rayleigh scattering (Wikipedia) | Indigo dye (Wikipedia) | Verdigris (Wikipedia) | Orpiment (Wikipedia) | Red hair (Wikipedia)

Discarded Scientific Theories (Gem): Superseded scientific theories (Wikipedia)

The Magic of Crystals (Lauren): Crystal Healing: Stone-Cold Facts About Gemstone Treatments | Crystal Guide (Crystal Vaults) | A to Z Crystal Meanings (CrystalsandJewelry.com) | The 8 Essential Crystals (Goop)

Historical Food Guides (Laura): Government Health Posters: A History of Nutrition Guidelines (PlenteousVeg) | Food and Nutrition through the 20th Century (LibGuides) | Canada’s Food Guides from 1942 to 1992 (Canada.ca) | How WWI Food Propaganda Forever Changed the Way America Eats (The A.V. Club) | Food for Young Children (Digital Library) | Dietary Recommendations and How They Have Changed Over Time (USDA) | The History of USDA Nutrition Guides (FoodManufacturing.com) | How to Select Foods, by Caroline L. Hunt and Helen W. Atwater (Archive.org)

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Episode 124: Ancient Discoveries

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Gem, Ashlyn, Laura, and Lauren discuss several important scientific, technological, and mathematical discoveries made in the ancient world.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Note: We experienced some technical difficulties near the top of Ashlyn’s segment, so listeners may notice a brief drop in audio quality. Sorry!

Links: History of the compass (Wikipedia) | The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China (Joseph Needham and Colin A. Ronan) | Geomagnetic reversal (Wikipedia) | Formation of the Chinese Civilization (china.org.cn) | Contribution of Al-Khwarizmi to Mathematics and Geography (Muslim Heritage) | Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (Wikipedia) | Al-Khwarizmi biography (History
of Mathematics Archive)
| Al-Khwarizmi (The Story of Mathematics) | Who Invented Zero? (Live Science) | 0 (Wikipedia) | The Origin of Zero (Scientific American) | What is the origin of zero? How did we indicate nothingness before zero? (Scientific American) | Who invented the zero? (History.com) | Zero (History of Mathematics Archive) | The Origin of the Number Zero (Smithsonian) | Who invented zero and how? (Quora) | Babylonian numerals (Wikipedia) | Jabir ibn Hayyan (Wikipedia) | History of Science and Technology in Islam | Chemistry (Islamic Spain) | From Alchemy to Chemistry (Muslim Heritage) | Aqua regia (Wikipedia) | History of glass (Wikipedia)

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Episode 123: Heretics

On this episode of Life, the Universe & Everything Else, Ashlyn talks heresy with Laura, Gem, and Lauren. Heretics discussed include Hypatia of Alexandria, Roger Bacon, Baruch Spinoza, Charles Darwin, and Giordano Bruno. Also on this episode, Gem drones on about ancient writing materials and the sizes of various libraries for some reason.

Life, the Universe & Everything Else is a podcast that delves into issues of science, critical thinking, and secular humanism.

Note: In preparation for the discussion of the Library of Alexandria, Gem reached out to Winnipeg’s Millennium Library to ask about the size of their collection. After we recorded the episode, he received a response informing us that the collection contains roughly 338,000 items, which is on the same order of magnitude as the Great Library of Alexandria—but at least some of the items in circulation are going to be non-canon Star Wars novels, so they don’t really count.

SkeptiCamp: If you’d like to present at SkeptiCamp, send an email to skepticamp@winnipegskeptics.com or skepticamp2017@gmail.com. Visit winnipegskeptics.com/skepticamp for more information!

Links: Heresy (Wikipedia) | Library of Alexandria (Wikipedia) | Hypatia (Wikipedia) | General Fact Sheet (New York Public Library) | The Encyclopaedia Britannica hits rock bottom (Quodlibeta) | Neoplatonism (Wikipedia) | Roger Bacon (Wikipedia) | Roger Bacon (Encyclopaedia Britannica) | Roger Bacon (Catholic Encyclopedia) | Bacon biography (History of Mathematics Archive) | Roger Bacon (British Heritage) | The Persecution of Philosophers (Bad News About Christianity) | Darwin’s Heretic | Charles Darwin: A heretic and a hero (The Globe and Mail) | Religious views of Charles Darwin (Wikipedia) | Are great scientists always heretics? (BBC Science) | Darwin on a Godless Creation: “It’s like confessing to a murder” (Scientific American) | Evolution and the Catholic Church (Wikipedia) | Reactions to On the Origin of Species (Wikipedia) | Giordano Bruno (Wikipedia) | Archimedes (Wikipedia) | Our Unknown Martyrs (The Scientist Magazine) | 7 Scientists Who Died Violently (FamousScientists.org) | Baruch Spinoza (Wikipedia) | Science and Religion (MarkHumphrys.com) | Michael Servetus (Wikipedia)

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